The right of asylum is the protection afforded by a State to non-EU nationals or stateless persons who are recognised as having refugee status.

Refugee status is accorded to all those who, due to justifiable fears of being persecuted for reasons of race/ethnicity, religion, nationality, political opinions, or membership of a specific social group (such as those defined by gender or sexual orientation), find themselves outside their native country and who cannot, or because of these fears, do not wish to seek the protection of that country, or else stateless people who, not having a nationality and finding themselves outside the country in which they are usually resident and for the same reasons cannot, or do not wish to return there, and that are not subject to any of the reasons for exclusion.

QWhen people seeking international protection enter Spain, their location and distribution is the responsibility of the Spanish State. More information here:

Informative prospectus on international protection.

In Catalonia there are four bodies that manage giving legal advice to people seeking international protection:

The regulatory legal framework in respect of international protection is to be found in the following fundamental pieces of legislation:

Geneva Convention of the United Nations – 1951
Protocol Relating to the Status of Refugees – New York 1967


Reglament de Dublín
Law 12/2009, of 30 October 2009, regulating the right of asylum and subsidiary protection in Spain
International Protection Plan of Catalonia/a>